Can a Plant Grow Without Soil? How to Grow Plants at Home without Soil

Many people have wondered if it’s possible to grow plants without soil. The answer is yes – it is possible to grow plants without soil, and in this article, we will teach you how! There are a few different ways to grow plants without soil, but they require essential tools and products. We will go over each method and what you will need to get started. Soil-less gardening can be a great way to garden if you don’t have access to good soil or if you want to garden indoors.

What Is It Called When You Grow Plants without Soil?

There are a few different names for growing plants without soil. You can grow plants without soil by using the following methods: hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics. These three methods can grow vegetables, fruits, flowers, and more! We will discuss each of these in detail below, along with what you need to get started.

How to Grow Plants Without Soil: Hydroponics

Hydroponic gardening can be done in different ways, but the most popular method is using a nutrient solution with water and growing mediums such as Rockwool or coco coir. These can come pre-mixed in bags or cubes that can grow plants hydroponically.

These growing mediums can be used to grow a wide variety of plants, and all you need is a hydroponic system and some water. The most critical part of using a hydroponic system is ensuring the pH levels are correct for your plants. You can buy or make a pH tester to ensure your nutrient solution is at the right level.

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Some benefits of growing plants using hydroponics are faster growth, higher yield per square foot, and can be done indoors or outdoors.

Growing plants hydroponically can be a great way to garden if you don’t have access to good soil or if you want to garden indoors.

Equipment You Need To Get Started With Hydroponics:

  • Hydroponic system (this can be made or bought)
  • The nutrient solution for plants
  • pH tester and adjuster (if needed)
  • Grow lights
  • Growing mediums (Rockwool or coco coir)

With that equipment list, you should be well on your way to growing plants using your hydroponic system!

How to Grow Plants Without Soil: Aquaponics

Another way to grow plants without soil is called aquaponics. Aquaponics can be done using fish in a tank, with the water from the aquarium being used for your plants.

Aquaponics can also be done without fish by simply adding nutrients to the water and circulating it through your water tank. Adding a nutrient-rich solution can be done with a circulation pump or by adding a nutrient solution to the water manually at some interval.

The benefit of growing plants using aquaponics is that you can produce a wider variety of vegetables, fruits, and flowers than with hydroponics. Aquaponics also requires less maintenance because there are no pH levels to check or nutrient solutions to mix in the water.

Growing plants using aquaponics can be a great way to garden indoors! Plus, it’s entertaining watching the fish swim around in your garden.

Equipment You Need To Get Started With Aquaponics:

  • Fish tank (this can be made or bought)
  • Circulation pump for the water to circulate through the plants (if you don’t have one with your tank)
  • Aquarium water heater (if needed)
  • pH tester and adjuster (if required)
  • Grow lights

A few additional pieces of equipment are required for aquaponics compared to hydroponics, but it can be a fun way to grow plants at home.

How to Grow Plants Without Soil: Aeroponics

The last way to grow plants without soil is called aeroponics. Aeroponics can be done by suspending the plant’s roots in the air and spraying them with a nutrient-rich mist.

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Aeroponic gardening doesn’t need any growing mediums like coco coir or Rockwool and can be done using a simple spray bottle to mist the roots of your plants. Aeroponics can also be set up with an automated system that will mist the roots for you at some interval.

Some great benefits of growing using aeroponics are no growing mediums are needed and can be done indoors. However, one downside to aeroponics is that it can be challenging to set up and can require maintenance if something goes wrong. Therefore, aeroponics isn’t a growing method that I would recommend to a beginner.

I think aeroponics is cool. It grows plants quickly, and it’s fascinating to see how well they produce compared to other kinds of gardening methods.

Equipment You Need To Get Started With Aeroponics:

  • Spray bottle (this can be made or bought)
  • Misting system to spray the roots
  • Grow lights
  • A net or plant cup to hold the plant and root system

Overall there’s a lot of setup and configuration required for aeroponics. So, if you’re looking to get started with this method of growing plants without soil, I would recommend doing some additional research before getting started.

How to Set up A Hydroponic Garden

If you’d like to set up a small hydroponic garden at home, there are a few pieces of equipment you’ll need.

The first is the hydroponic system itself and can be made or bought. There are many different hydroponic systems available, so do some research to find the best one for your needs.

The second piece of equipment you’ll need is the nutrient solution for plants. Nutrient solutions can be bought at a garden store or made yourself using a recipe. If this is your first time, though, I would recommend purchasing a pre-made mixture

Third, you’ll need some growing medium to hold the plants in place. You can use Rockwool, coco coir, perlite, vermiculite, or any other type of growing medium. Many people will opt for something like Rockwool or coco coir for the first time. Some companies even produce them in handy shapes and sizes.

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The fourth is a grow light, which can also be made or bought. A grow light will help with growing plants indoors without sunlight. Grow lights can help produce much better results than using natural light from outside. With modern LED technology, grow lights can be very affordable and use little electricity. LED grow lights have arrays of small diodes that emit light in the blue and red spectrums, which are ideal for plants.

Last, you’ll need a timer to turn your light on and off. Most plants require a period of darkness to grow correctly, so a timer can be helpful to ensure they get this time.

Tips for Keeping Your Hydroponic Garden Healthy

Alright, you have your hydroponic garden humming along, but how do you take care of it? Here are a few tips to keep your plants growing strong.

  1. Check the pH of your nutrient solution. You should check this regularly, probably once every 2-3 days.
  2. Make sure that you’re using a quality nutrient solution. Don’t skimp on the price here, as a cheap one can cause problems for your plants.
  3. Keep an eye out for bugs, as they can quickly take hold in a hydroponic garden.
  4. Keep your growing medium fresh and clean by occasionally changing it for fresh ones.
  5. Inspect your hydroponics system to ensure that everything is working correctly and there are no leaks or other problems.
  6. Test the water to make sure there are no impurities in it. Also, be sure that you’re using clean and filtered water for your plants. It’s tough to take contaminants out of the water and typically require flushing everything.

Follow these simple tips and guidelines, and you’ll have a healthy hydroponic system that produces excellent plants.


It can be challenging to grow plants without soil, but not impossible. If you’re ready to get started growing at home without dirt, check out this article for tips on how to set up your first hydroponic garden and keep it healthy with a few simple steps. With just the right equipment and some attention, you can have an indoor green thumb in no time!